It is unclear if these groups are at higher risk for all types of sexual assault or if prevention programming should be tailored to address particular types of assault within these groups. To fill some of these knowledge gaps, we examined survey data collected from a large population-based random sample of undergraduate women, men, and GNC students at Columbia University CU and Barnard College BC. High rates of re-victimization during college were reported across gender groups. Our study is consistent with prevalence findings previously reported. This article has been corrected.
In general, studies that ask about a wide range of acts and use behaviorally specific questions about types of sexual assault and methods of perpetration have yielded more accurate estimates [ 16 ]. Among those who consented to participate, Our study is consistent with prevalence findings previously reported. Moreover, while accurate estimates of prevalence are crucial for calling attention to the population-health burden of sexual assault, knowing more about risk factors is critical for determining resource allocation and developing effective programs and policies for prevention. The aims of this paper are to: To fill some of these knowledge gaps, we examined survey data collected from a large population-based random sample of undergraduate women, men, and GNC students at Columbia University CU and Barnard College BC. SHIFT featured ethnographic research, the survey, and a daily diary study. Only a few published studies have used population-based surveys and achieved response rates sufficient to mitigate some of the concerns of sample response bias [ 4 ]. Although these surveys have emphasized behavioral specificity, many have yielded low response rates e. However varying research methodologies e. Some studies focus on acts perpetrated by a single method e. We utilized evidence-based methods to enhance response rates and sample representativeness [ 22 , 43 ]. Although an increasing number of studies have used behaviorally specific methods and examined prevalence and predictors of sexual assault [ 20 , 21 ], they typically have used convenience samples. Also, although women appear to be at highest risk for assault during freshman year [ 32 , 33 ], the dearth of studies with men or GNC students have limited conclusions about whether freshman year is also a risky period for them. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, and logistic regression were used to estimate prevalences and test associations. Furthermore, our understanding of how sexual orientation and gender identity relate to risk for sexual assault is limited, despite indications that lesbian, gay, bisexual LGB , and gender non-conforming GNC students are at high risk [ 29 — 31 ]. To illuminate the complexity of campus sexual assault, we collected survey data from a large population-based random sample of undergraduate students from Columbia University and Barnard College in New York City, using evidence based methods to maximize response rates and sample representativeness, and behaviorally specific measures of sexual assault to accurately capture victimization rates. Additionally, SHIFT focused on internal policy-translation work to inform institutionally-appropriate, multi-level approaches to prevention. This paper focuses on student experiences of different types of sexual assault victimization, as well as sociodemographic, social, and risk environment correlates. This article has been corrected. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Behavioral specificity avoids the pitfall of participants using their own sexual assault definitions and does not require the respondent to identify as a victim or survivor, which may lead to underreporting [ 10 , 17 — 19 ]. Such differences can hamper efforts to understand the scope of the problem. Using administrative records of enrolled students, 2, students 2, from CU and from BC were invited via email to participate in a web-based survey. Existing evidence suggests that most sexual assault incidents are perpetrated against women [ 25 ]; however, few studies have examined college men as survivors of assault [ 26 — 28 ]. However, a review [ 4 ] highlights the variation in sexual assault prevalence estimates 1.
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